Buchanania cochinchinensis

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) M. R. Almeida
  • Synonyms : Buchanania lanzan Spreng.
  • Common Name : Charodi, Chironji Tree
  • Plant Family : Anacardiaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Buchanania cochinchinensis Plant :

  • Habit : A tree, young parts with silky hairs.
  • Bark : Blackish-brown and rough.
  • Leaves : Thickly coriaceous, broadly oblong, obtuse, hariy below, base rounded.
  • Flowers :
    • Small, greenish-white, in terminal or axillary, pyramidal, rusty panicles, bracts small, caduceus.
    • Calyx 3-5 toothed, imbricate.
    • Petals 4-5, ovate-oblong, disk fleshy.Stamens 10, all fertile.
    • Ovaries 5, one perfect, conicle, hairy, the other 4 reduced to filaments.
  • Fruit : Drupe, oblique, black, stone hard, 2-valved, 1-seeded.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : January-March
  • Significance : Seeds are eaten and used as a tonic for brain.
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