Cassia javanica

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Cassia javanica L.
  • Synonyms : Cassia javanica subsp. javanica
  • Common Name : Java Cassia, Pink Cassia, Pink Shower
  • Plant Family : Caesalpiniaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4, 6, 10, 17, 22, 26-28, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Aranya Van

About Cassia javanica Plant :

  • Habit : A small tree.
  • Leaves : Paripinnate compound, leaflets 8-14, oblong oval, rounded at tips, stipulate, stipules crescent-shaped leafy at the base.
  • Flowers :
    • The distinct clusters of rose-pink flowers intermingled with the foliage.
    • There are about 10 flowers in a cluster, with a dull-red heart-shaped bract below each flower.
    • Calyx of 5, deep red sepals.
    • Petals oblong, rose-pink, veined in deeper pink.
    • Stamens 10, bright yellow, all fertile.
    • The lower 3 stamens are long and project in a double curve, swell in the middle and then bent upwards, with large brown anthers, the other anthers are yellow.
    • Style green.
  • Fruit : Pods long, straight, indehiscent, seeds brown, flattened.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : May - June
  • Significance : Cultivated in the gardens and along the roadsides.