Citrus medica

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Citrus medica L.
  • Common Name : Citron, Bijoru
  • Plant Family : Rutaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park

About Citrus medica Plant :

  • Habit : A small tree, young shoots purple.
  • Leaves : Unifoliate, petioles naked orwinged, ovate, serrate.
  • Flower :
    • White, unisexual, Calyx copular.
    • Petals 4-8, linear oblong, white tinged with red, imbricate.
    • Stamens 20-80, filaments variously connate, anthers oblong.
    • Disk large, Ovary many celled, stigma capitate.
  • Fruit : Berry globose or oblong, yellow when ripe, rind rough and thick and irregularly shaped.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : Throughout the year.
  • Significance :
    • Cultivated everywhere for its fruits which are used for liver and spleen diseases.
    • The fruit juice is rich in vitamin C which is an astringent.
    • The fruits are also pickled.