Citrus sinensis

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck
  • Synonyms : Citrus aurantium L. var. sinensis L.
  • Common Name : Sweet Orange, Mosambi
  • Plant Family : Rutaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Citrus sinensis Plant :

  • Habit : A small tree, young shoots greenish-white.
  • Leaves : Unifoliate with pellucid oil glands, petioles winged.
  • Inflorescence : Cyme
  • Flower :
    • Pure white in small clusters.
    • Stamens 20-30, polyadelphous.
    • Ovary on a disc, 8-many chambered, style big and thick, stigma capitate.
  • Fruit : Globose, rind thick, tightly adherent, pulp yellow, fairly sweet, seeds poly-embryonic.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : More or less throughout year.
  • Significance :                                
    • It is one of the most  valued commercial citrus. The fruit is very nutritious and highly esteemed as a desert fruit for vitamin C.
    • It purifies blood, allays thrust in fevers and improves appetite.