Cocos nucifera

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Cocos nucifera L.
  • Synonyms : Cocos indica Royle
  • Common Name : Nariyal, Coconut
  • Plant Family : Arecaceae (Palmae)
  • According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Thus the new name for the family Palmae became Arecaceae. However, the name  Palmae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time.

  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 5, 8, 12, 14, 18-21, 23, 24, 27
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Ayurvedic Udyan

About Cocos nucifera Plant :

  • Habit : A handsome, tall palm.
  • Leaves : Leaves forming a crown on the top, very large, pinnate, leaflets many linear-lanceolate.
  • Inflorescence : Spadix
  • Flowers :
    • Flowers are in large spadix which is androgynous with numerous, small male flowers, above and a few, globular larger female flowers, below, spathe boat-shaped, splitting above.
    • Sepals 3, petals 3, valvate, stamens 6.
    • Female flowers supported by broad bracteoles, sepals 3, petals 3, imbricate, ovary 3-celled but only one carpel develops into the fruit.
  • Fruits : Drupe fibrous, large, obovoid. Seed with white endosperm, brown testa and full of liquid endosperm- the coconut milk.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : All the year round.
  • Significance :
    • One of the most important plants of great economic importance.
    • Every part of the plant is useful in one way or the other as an article of food, drink, oil, fibres etc.