Delonix regia

(Click image to Enlarge)

Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

«
»
  • Botanical Name : Delonix regia (Hook.) Raf.
  • The generic name is derived from two Greek words delos meaning 'Evident' and onux 'A Claw', in allusion to the shape of the petals. Regia in latin means 'Royal'.

  • Synonyms : Poinciana regia Hook.
  • Common Name : Gulmohar, Flame Tree, Royal Poinciana, Peacock Flower
  • Plant Family : Caesalpiniaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 2, 4-6, 8, 11-15, 19, 21-24, 26, 27, 29
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra

About Delonix regia Plant :

  • Habit : Tall, deciduous trees with grey to pale-brown bark.
  • Leaves : Pinnae 8-20 pairs, leaflets 12-30 pairs, oblong, glabrous or nearly so.
  • Inflorescence : Racemes
  • Flower : Flowers in terminal, simple or branched racemes.
  • Fruit :
    • Pods broadly linear, woody, dark-brown or reddish-brown, flat, beaked.
    • Seeds oblong, glabrous, smooth, white or creamy-white, mottled brown.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : March-August
  • Significance :
    • The tree is mainly preferred for cultivation mainly on account of profusion of bright flowers.
    • The bark is used as a febrifuge.
    • The tree yields a gum, which is used medicinally.