Ficus benghalensis

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Ficus benghalensis L.
  • The specific epithet benghalensis comes from the fact that the plant is native of Bengal.

  • Common Name : Vad, Banyan
  • Plant Family : Moraceae
  • Earlier this plant was placed in family Urticaceae but according to the modern views it should be placed in a separate family Moraceae which is separated from family Urticaceae.

  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 5, 6, 8, 10-18, 20-24, 26-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Punit Van, Sarita Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Ficus benghalensis Plant :

  • Habit : A very large tree with aerial roots.
  • Leaves : Ovate, obtuse, entire, coriaceous, bud-scale stipules.
  • Inflorescence : Hypanthodium, receptacles in sessile pairs, axillary globose, red when ripe, with 3 basal bracts.
  • Flowers :
    • Male flowers many near the mouth with sepals 4, lanceolate. Stamen 1.
    • Gall flowers sepals 4, style short.
    • Female flowers with sepals shorter than male, ovary straight, long excentric.
  • Fruit : Syconus red, globose.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : November-January
  • Significance : Common everywhere and planted on road sides.