Ficus carica

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Ficus carica L.
  • Common Name : Common Fig, Anjeer
  • Plant Family : Moraceae
  • Earlier this plant was placed in family Urticaceae but according to the modern views it should be placed in a separate family Moraceae which is separated from family Urticaceae.

  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 6, 8, 12, 14, 22, 27
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Ficus carica Plant :

  • Habit : A small deciduous tree.
  • Leaves : Large, cordate, serrate, deeply lobed, 3-5 nerved, rough, stipules small.
  • Inflorescence : Hypanthodium, receptacles solitary or 2, axillary, basal bracts 3-5, reddish purple when ripe.
  • Flowers :
    • Male flowers sepals 3, stamen 1.
    • Gall flowers sessile, sepals 3, style short.
    • Female flowers sessile, sepals 3, ovary superior, style short, stigma club-shaped.
  • Fruit : Syconus red, globose.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : November-January
  • Significance :
    • It is mainly cultivated for its edible fruits.
    • Fig latex is used as an anthelmintic.
    • The fig is emollient, demulcent, laxative, nutritive.
    • The fresh and dried fruits are used in constipation.