Ficus religiosa

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Ficus religiosa L.
  • Common Name : Pipado, Bodhi Tree, Holy Tree, Scared Fig
  • Plant Family : Moraceae
  • Earlier this plant was placed in family Urticaceae but according to the modern views it should be placed in a separate family Moraceae which is separated from family Urticaceae.

  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 5, 6, 8, 11-13, 15, 16, 18-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Punit Van, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Aranya Van

About Ficus religiosa Plant :

  • Habit : A tall tree often epiphytic, aerial roots are rare.
  • Leaves : Alternate, cordate or broadly ovate-obcuneate, acuminate to a long neck, glabrous, margins undulate, petioles 9 cm long, stipules intrapetiolar.
  • Inflorescence : Hypanthodium, globosely turbinate, androgynous sessile in axillary pairs, the apex truncate or subacute, with few brown spots, basal bracts 3, unequal, slightly imbricate.
  • Flowers :
    • Florets few, obracteolate, gall florets many.
    • Tepals 2 or 3, valvate, staminate florets monandrous.
    • Ovary sessile, style 1 mm long.
  • Fruit : Synconus somewhat dry.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : November-January
  • Significance :
    • The bark contains 4% tannin and is astringent.
    • An infusion of it is used for ulcers and skin diseases.
    • An aqueous extract of the bark shows anti-bacterial activity.
    • Leaves and tender shoots are used as purgative and in skin diseases.
    • The fruit is laxative and the seeds are considered to be cooling, alterative and laxative.