Garcinia mangostana

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Garcinia mangostana L.
  • Synonyms : Mangostana garcinia Gaertn.
  • Common Name : Mangosteen, Mangustan
  • Plant Family : Clusiaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Garcinia mangostana Plant :

  • Habit : A small, evergreen tree.
  • Leaves : Opposite, elliptic-oblong, acuminate, thick, leathery, dark green, numerous lateral parallel veins and intermediate nerves those are joined by intra-marginal veins.
  • Flowers :
    • Yellow red or purple in few-flowered fascicles.
    • Sepals 4 circular.
    • Petals 4, broad-ovate, fleshy.
    • Stamens 15-20, free with slender filaments, flat or fused at base.
    • Ovary 2 or more-celled with thick, stigma sessile, 5-8 lobed stigma.
  • Fruit :
    • Globose with persistent calyx above, rind thick.
    • Seeds 6-8 flat, large embedded in snow-white delicious pulp.
  • Flowering and Fruiting : May - June
  • Significance :
    • Generally cultivated for its much prized fruit.
    • The pulp has flavor somewhat similar to flavor of grape and peach.
    • The edible portion is the fleshy aril enveloping the seeds.
    • The fruit is used as dessert and can be made into preserve.
    • Rind is astringent, used as a febrifuge in chronic diarrhea, cystitis, gonorrhea, gleets and in dysentery.
    • Also used in tanning and dyeing.
    • Its pericarp is used as a paste for treating skin infections, bark, rind and young leaves are used as gargle for sore mouth.
    • Wood is used for cabinet work, buildings and handles.