Gmelina arborea

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Gmelina arborea Roxb
  • Synonyms : Gmelina sinuata Link
  • Common Name : Sevan, Shivan
  • Plant Family : Verbenaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4-6, 8, 10, 12-25, 29, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Basan, Aranya Van

About Gmelina arborea Plant :

  • Habit : A moderate sized, deciduous, unarmed tree.
  • Leaves : Large, broadly ovate, acuminate, cordate at base, hairy below.
  • Inflorescence : Small cymes of 1-3 flowers arranged in hairy panicles.
  • Flowers :
    • Yellowish, bracteate, bracts small, linear, caduceus.
    • Calyx bell-shaped, hairy, teeth small, 5.
    • Corolla large, brownish-yellow, bilipped, tubular, swollen above, densely hairy 5-lobed, withwavy margin.
    • Stamens 4, didynamous.
    • Ovary 4-celled, ovule 1 in each cell, style simple, stigma bifid.
  • Fruit : Drupe ovoid, orange-yellow.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : February-April
  • Significance :
    • The timber is very hard and used for furniture work.
    • An infusion of the root increase the flow of milk in woman.
    • Roots are given with other drugs in gout, leprosy and eczema.
    • Juice of the leaves is given in diabetes.