Guazuma ulmifolia

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Guazuma ulmifolia Lam.
  • Synonyms : Guazuma tomentosa Kunth
  • Common Name : Bastard Cedar, West Indian Elm, Rudrakshi, Bandok, Bhadraksha, Khotorudraksha
  • Plant Family : Sterculiaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 22, 27, 29
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Guazuma ulmifolia Plant :

  • Habit : A small tree.
  • Leaves : Simple, tomentose, obliquely cordate, ovate-oblong, acuminate, serrate, scabrid.
  • Flowers :
    • Yellow in terminal and axillary panicles, which are twice the length of leaves.
    • Petals bigger than sepals, 5, concave at base, prolonged at the apex into 2 narrow strap-shaped processes.
    • Stamens 10, connate into a column which is tubular below and consists of 2, fertile, 3-antheriferous filaments opposite the petals and 5 lanceolatestaminodes opposite the sepals, anther lobes 2, divergent concealed in the hood of petals.
    • Ovary sessile, 5-lobed, 5-celled, styles connate, ovules many in each cell.
  • Fruit : Capsule oblong, woody, tubercled.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August-September
  • Significance :
    • Planted as an ornamental tree everywhere.
    • It yields a good fibre for rope making.