Heterophragma quadriloculare

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Heterophragma quadriloculare (Roxb.) K.Schum.
  • Synonyms : Heterophragma roxburghii DC.
  • Common Name : Varas, Pullnug, Waras
  • Plant Family : Bignoniaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan

About Heterophragma quadriloculare Plant :

  • Habit : A deciduous large tree.
  • Leaves : Simply pinnate, leaflets 3-5 pairs and an odd one, elliptic-oblong, obtuse, oblique.
  • Flowers :
    • Flowers in large, many-flowered, hairy, panicles.
    • Calyx densely hairy, irregularly lobed.
    • Corolla tubular swollen palerose or white often with a pink margin, lobes 5, with margins crisped.
    • Stamens 4, didynamous, included, anther-cells divergent, filaments hairy at base.
    • Disk cushion-shaped.
    • Ovary sessile, ovules many, style long, stigma bilobed.
  • Fruit : Capsule elongate, straight, 4-celled, seeds flat and winged.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : February-April
  • Significance :
    • Planted in the gardens.
    • The wood is hard and seasons well. It is used for building and agricultural purposes.