Holarrhena pubescens

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Holarrhena pubescens Wall. ex G.Don
  • Synonyms : Holarrhena antidysenterica (Roth) Wall. ex A.DC.
  • Common Name : Indrajav, The Easter Tree, Kuda, Pandhra Kuda, Kadvo
  • Plant Family : Apocynaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Holarrhena pubescens Plant :

  • Habit : A deciduous medium-sized tree.
  • Leaves : Opposite, ovate, oblong, thin, obtuse, pointed, subsessile.
  • Inflorescence : Corymbose cymes.
  • Flowers :
    • White, scentless, bracteates, bracts small.
    • Calyx-lobes 5, acute ciliate.
    • Corolla salver-shaped, tube as long as lobes, hairy outside, lobes oblong, rounded, mouth without a hairy ring. Stamens 5, included.
    • Carpels 2, free, style filiform, stigma thick.
  • Fruit : A pair of follicles about 1.5 inches long, seeds many, comose.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : February-June
  • Significance :
    • It is a very important medicinal plant, the bark is bitter and astringent.
    • It is used in amoebic dysentery.
    • The seeds are used in asthma and colic.