Kigelia africana

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
  • Synonyms : Kigelia pinnata (Jacq) DC, Crescentia pinnata Jacq.
  • Common Name : Common Sausage Tree, Cucumber Tree
  • Plant Family : Bignoniaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 2, 10, 13, 22, 23, 25-27, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Sarita Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Aranya Van

About Kigelia africana Plant :

  • Habit : A large tree.
  • Leaves : Opposite, impair pinnate, with 3 pairs of leaflets and an odd one, elliptic-oblong, serrate or entire, sessile.
  • Flowers :
    • Flowers in long pendulous racemes, large, of fine chocolate red in colour.
    • Calyx bell-shaped of 2-5 lobes.
    • Corolla campanulate, tube broad with 5 spreading lobes which are two lipped deflexed and beautifully coloured hanging on long rope-like peduncles.
    • Stamens 4, didynamous and anthers divergent disk annular.
    • Ovary, lare, superior, 2-celled, ovules many, style long with 2-lobed stigma.
  • Fruit :
    • Amphisarca very large, indehiscent, remain hanging on the tree in groups of 2 or 3 on very large rope-like peduncles for many months.
    • Seeds many, embedded in white pulp.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : March-July
  • Significance : Commonly grown in the gardens and planted on roads as an avenue tree.