Limonia acidissima

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Limonia acidissima L.
  • Synonyms : Feronia limonia (L.) Swingle, Feronia elephantum Correa
  • Common Name : Wood Apple, Kothu, Kavath
  • Plant Family : Rutaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Aranya Van

About Limonia acidissima Plant :

  • Habit : A big tree armed with spines.
  • Leaves : Imparipinnate, petiole and rachis flat, narrowly winged, leaflets 3-9, opposite, obovate or wedge-shaped.
  • Inflorescence : Panicles
  • Flowers :
    • Small, numerous, dull-red, in lateral or terminal, hairy, panicles with male and female flowers. Calyx small, 5-6 triangular lobes.
    • Petals 5-6, free, elliptic-oblong, deflexed.
    • Stamens 10-12, filaments hairy at base, anthers large, linear-oblong.
    • Ovary sessile, oblong, 1-celled, ovules many, placenta parietal, style 0, stigma oblong.
  • Fruit :
    • Berry amphisarca-globose, hard, many seeded, rough, grey-coloured.
    • Seeds embedded in edible pulp.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : March - May
  • Significance :
    • Wild everywhere or cultivated for its fruits.
    • Ripe fruits used for chutneys or jellies and a good tonic for liver and lungs, stomites and sore throat.