Mangifera indica

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Mangifera indica L.
  • Common Name : Mango, Aambo, Keri
  • Plant Family : Anacardiaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4, 5, 8-10, 12, 17, 19, 22, 26-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Basan, Aranya Van

About Mangifera indica Plant :

  • Habit : A large tree.
  • Leaves : Lanceolate, acute, coriaceous, shining, entire, wavy.
  • Inflorescence : Large, many-flowered panicles.
  • Flowers :
    • Small, polygamous, bracteates.
    • Bracts ovate, small.
    • Sepals ovate, concave.
    • Petals oblong, reflexed with 3-strong, orange-coloured ridges on the inner surface.
    • Disk globular, large, fleshy, 5-lobed, between corolla and stamens.
    • Stamens 1-5, but only 1 fertile and much longer than the others, the others with imperfect or smaller anthers, purple.
    • Ovary 1-celled, oblique, style excentric, ovule 1, pendulous, funicle basal.
  • Fruit :
    • Drupe large, fleshy, stone compressed, very hard.
    • Seed large, testa papery, cotyledons plano-convex, often unequal.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : January-May
  • Significance : Extensively cultivated everywhere for its fine fruits.