Mitragyna parvifolia

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth.
  • Synonyms : Stephegyne parvifolia Korth.
  • Common Name : Dhara Kadam, Kaim
  • Plant Family : Rubiaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 12
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra

About Mitragyna parvifolia Plant :

  • Habit : A big deciduous tree.
  • Leaves : Opposite, elliptic, obovate, apex rounded or acute, stipules large, interpetiolar, pink caducous.
  • Inflorescence : Globose heads.
  • Flowers :
    • Greenish yellow, fragrant, peduncle with 2 small leaves at the base.
    • Calyx funnel-shaped.
    • Corolla funnel-shaped, lobes 5, recurved.
    • Stamens 5.
    • Ovary 2-celled, style white, exserted.
  • Fruit : Capsular, close together in heads, of 2 dehiscent cocci, bluntly 10-ribbed, seeds many, winged.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : March-August
  • Significance : Wood is very hard and used in bobbins and house building.