Neolamarckia cadamba

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Neolamarckia cadamba (Roxb.) Bosser
  • Synonyms : Anthocephalus cadamba (Roxb.) Miq
  • Common Name : Kadamb
  • Plant Family : Rubiaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 2, 5, 8, 11, 16, 19, 20, 22, 27
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Ayurvedic Udyan

About Neolamarckia cadamba Plant :

  • Habit : A small tree.
  • Leaves : Opposite, decussate, elliptic-oblong, acute, entire, coriaceous, cordate at base, stipules inter-petiolar.
  • Inflorescence : Terminal globose heads.
  • Flowers :
    • Fragrant with calyx tubular, lobes 5, obtuse.
    • Corolla tubular, orange, lobes 5, on the corolla throat.
    • Ovary 2-celled below but 4-celled on top.
    • Style exserted, white, stigma fusiform, ovules many.
  • Fruit : Globose of few-seeded leathery pyrenes, seeds minute.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : September-November
  • Significance :
    • Planted on road-side or in gardens and near the temples.
    • This tree is held in great reverence both by Hindus and Buddhists.
    • The flowers have an irresistible power of recalling the absent lover.
    • The fresh bark juice is used in inflammation of the eye and for gargle.