Phyllanthus acidus

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels
  • Synonyms : Cicca acida (L.) Merr., Cicca disticha L., Averrhoa acida L.
  • Common Name : Star Goose Berry, Country Goose Berry, Khataamla
  • Plant Family : Euphorbiaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra, Aranya Van

About Phyllanthus acidus Plant :

  • Habit : A deciduous tree with 5-8 m high, monoecious, closely marked with thick scare of deciduous branchlets, branches spreading wrinkled, 30-60 cm long, glabrous.
  • Leaves : Glabrous, pinnately distichous, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, crowded to the ends or branches, upper leaves pale-green, lower ones pale-red, stipules minute, subulate, petioles minute.
  • Flowers : Reddish, clustered on pendulous branches on old wood, pedicels short, about 6-10 mm long, capillary. 
  • Fruits : Edible, globose, fleshy, yellow, 3, 4 or 8-lobed. Seeds long red or pale-brown.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : March - June
  • Significance :
    • The roots and seeds are cathartic.
    • The juice of the root bark is used as a poison, it produces headache, sleepiness and death accompanied by severe abdominal pain.