Phyllanthus emblica

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Phyllanthus emblica L.
  • Synonyms : Emblica officinalis Gaertn.
  • Common Name : Indian Goose Berry, Amla
  • Plant Family : Euphorbiaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4-6, 10-12, 15-17, 19-21, 23, 24, 29, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Basan, Aranya Van

About Phyllanthus emblica Plant :

  • Habit : A small, deciduous tree.
  • Leaves : Small, distichous, linear, obtuse, appear like pinnate leaves, stipule ovate, acute.
  • Flowers :
    • Greenish-yellow, in axillary fascicles, on leaf-bearing branches, often on the naked portion below the leaves, with fimbriate bracts at base.
    • Male flowers many on short, slenderpedicels, sepals 6, oblong.
    • Stamens 3 on a short central column, disk 0. Female flowers few, subsessile, sepals 6, disk cup-like.
    • Ovary 3-celled, styles 3, bifid.
  • Fruits : Fleshy, globose, with 6 obscure, vertical furrows, pale yellow, of three 2-seeded crustaceous cocci.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : February - May
  • Significance :
    • The fruits have great medicinal properties and is one of the richest sources of Vitamin C.
    • It is also used together with Harde and Behda for making the famous Trifala churan.