Pithecellobium dulce

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Bth.
  • Synonyms : Inga dulcis (Roxb.) Willd.
  • Common Name : Manilla Tamarind, Madras Thorn, Sweet Tamarind, Vilayati Ambli
  • Plant Family : Mimosaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 9, 22, 24, 27, 30

About Pithecellobium dulce Plant :

  • Habit : A small, armed tree.
  • Leaves : Bipinnate, stipules modified into spines. Leaflets 2, oblique obovate-oblong, obtuse.
  • Inflorescence : Terminal racemose panicles.
  • Flowers :
    • White, sessile, in small heads.
    • Calyx small, 5-tooth.
    • Corolla tubular, valvate, stigma capitate.
    • Stamens monadelphous.
  • Fruits : Pods fleshy, twisted, seeds thick, flat and covered with white or red when ripe, firm sweet edible pulp or aril.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : January - March
  • Significance : Cultivated everywhere for its sweet, red, pulpy aril.