Plumeria rubra

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Plumeria rubra L.
  • Synonyms : Plumeria acutifolia Poir.
  • Common Name : Champo, Khad-Champo, Common White Frangipani
  • Plant Family : Apocynaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4, 10, 13, 15, 17, 22, 26-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Ayurvedic Udyan, Punit Van, Van Chetana Kendra

About Plumeria rubra Plant :

  • Habit : A soft-wooded erect tree with 5-8 m high.
  • Leaves : Obovate-oblong or lanceolate, acute at the apex, glabrous, stiff, main nerves clear, parallel, joining in an intramarginal one.
  • Inflorescence : Terminal many flowered cymes.
  • Flowers :
    • White, pale yellow or rose or reddish, with a yellow centre.
    • Calyx lobes 2-3 mm long retuse at the apex, pubescent outside and ciliate at the margins.
    • Corolla tube 2 cm long, lobes 3-2 cm obovate, pubescent inside, glabrous outside.
  • Fruits :
    • Follicles rarely produced, in pairs.
    • Seeds large, flat, glabrous.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : November - July
  • Significance :
    • The bark is a violent purgative.
    • The tree is commonly cultivated for its flowers.