Prosopis cineraria

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Prosopis cineraria (L) Druce
  • Synonyms : Prosopis spicigera L.
  • Common Name : Khijado
  • Plant Family : Mimosaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 3, 10, 17, 19, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Ayurvedic Udyan, Basan

About Prosopis cineraria Plant :

  • Habit : An armed small tree.
  • Leaves : Bipinnate, pinnae 3-pairs, opposite, often with round insect-galls on their rachis. Leaflets 7-12 pairely, oblong, obliquely, rounded, mucronate at the apex.
  • Inflorescence : Axillary spikes.
  • Flowers :
    • Bracts small.
    • Calyx cup shaped, 5-toothed, corolla yellow, connate below, valvate.
    • Stamens 10, free, anthers crested with a deciduous gland.
    • Ovary sessile, ovules many, style filiform, stigma minute.
  • Fruit : Pods turgid, straight, 10-15 seeded.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : December - March
  • Significance :
    • The pods are an excellent fodder for camels and goats.
    • The tree is sacred to Hindus.