Salvadora oleoides

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Salvadora oleoides Decne.
  • Common Name : Mithijar, Pilu
  • Plant Family : Salvadoraceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 10, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra, Aranya Van

About Salvadora oleoides Plant :

  • Habit : A shrub or a small tree with a thick and twisted trunk, branches drooping like the "Weeping Willow".
  • Leaves : Long and narrow, opposite, brittle, glabrous.
  • Inflorescence : Axillary Spikes.
  • Flowers :
    • Greenish white, sessile in axillary spikes.
    • Calyx divided to about the middle, lobes 4.
    • Corolla a little longer than the calyx.Stamens 4.
  • Fruit : Drupes yellow or white or red when ripe.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : January onwards.
  • Significance :
    • The leaves are purgative.
    • The root bark is vesicant.
    • The fruit is eaten by humans and is said to be aphrodisiac.