Simarouba amara

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Simarouba amara Aubl.
  • Synonyms : Simarouba glauca DC.
  • Common Name : Bitter Wood, Mountain Damson, Bitter Ash
  • Plant Family : Simaroubaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Simarouba amara Plant :

  • Habit : An evergreen, dioecious tree.
  • Leaves :
    • Compound, petiolate with 9-16 leaflets per leaf.
    • New flush of leaves produced every year.
  • Inflorescence : Panicles
  • Flowers :
    • Male and female flowers are produced on separate trees.
    • So are unisexuals.
    • Pale yellow in colour.
  • Fruits : Drupes, brightly coloured, green to purplish-black containing large seeds which are dispersed by vertebrates.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : February - April
  • Significance :
    • The bark of the plant is known to be used in the treatments of dysentery and diarrhea.
    • The wood is also used for producing paper, furniture, plywood and matches and also in construction work.