Spathodea campanulata

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Spathodea campanulata Beauv.
  • Synonyms : Spathodea nilotica Seem., Bignonia tulipifera Schum.
  • Common Name : The Scarlet Bell, Fountain Tree, African Tulip Tree
  • Plant Family : Bignoniaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 17, 28, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Basan

About Spathodea campanulata Plant :

  • Habit : A very handsome tree.
  • Leaves : Opposite, imparipinnate, leaflets 9-19, oval, pointed, with 2 or 8 fleshy glands.
  • Inflorescence : Many flowered terminal racemes.
  • Flowers :
    • Orange-scarlet coloured, calyx boat-shaped, spathaceous, recurved, covers the flower in bud and then splits on one side and curves back, it has water secreting glands inside and contains water.
    • Corolla large campanulate and swollen with ovate, wavy lobes.
    • Stamens 4, exserted, yellow, anthers pendant.
    • Disk large, cup shaped.
    • Ovary oblong, ovules many.
  • Fruit : Capsule oblong-lanceolate, pointed at both ends, seeds winged.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : Decemer - March
  • Significance :
    • Commonly planted in the gardens or as an avenue tree on roads.
    • It's a fine decorative tree.