Syzygium cumini

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels
  • Synonyms : Eugenia jambolana Lam.
  • Common Name : Jambu, Java Plum, Jamun, Black Plum, Java Apple
  • Plant Family : Myrtaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4, 17, 22, 27, 29, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Basan, Aranya Van

About Syzygium cumini Plant :

  • Habit : A big tree with white exfoliate bark.
  • Leaves : Opposite, gland-dotted, coriaceous, oval or elliptic-oblong, acute intramarginal nerve present, extipulate.
  • Inflorescence : Panicled cymes
  • Flowers :
    • White, fragrant.
    • Calyx limb cup-shaped, teeth 4.
    • Petals 4, forming a calyptra, deciduous.
    • Stamens indefinite, many seriate, filaments filiform, anthers versatile.
    • Ovary inferior, 2-celled, ovules many, style filiform.
  • Fruit : A juicy, purple berry with calyx remains at the apex, 1-seeded.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : February - April
  • Significance :
    • Cultivated mainly for its edible fruits.
    • The seed powder is used in diabetes with good results.
    • Wood is used for agricultural implements, pots, carts, boats etc.