Tamarindus indica

(Click image to Enlarge)

Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

«
»
  • Botanical Name : Tamarindus indica L.
  • Common Name : Tamarind Tree, Amli, Chineli
  • Plant Family : Caesalpiniaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 10, 29
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Van Chetana Kendra, Basan, Aranya Van

About Tamarindus indica Plant :

  • Habit : A large tree.
  • Leaves : Paripinnate compound, leaflets 10-20 pairs, oblong, obtuse, stipules linear, caducous.
  • Flowers :
    • Flowers in few flowered terminal racemes pedicels articulated below the calyx, bracts concave, bracteoles small.
    • Calyx conelike, segments 4, unequal, oblong, obtuse.
    • Petals 5, 3 unequal, the other 2 rudimentary, obovate-oblong, yellow with pink-red stripes. Stamens 10, 3 fertile, united above half way up, the rest rudimentary, as small scales or bristles. Ovary stalked, ovules 8, 12 or more, stigma capitate.
  • Fruit :
    • Pod curved, indehiscent, with a tuft, scaly epicarp and an edible pulpy, acid mesocarp.
    • Seeds 3-12, obovate-oblong, truncate.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : May - July
  • Significance :
    • Cultivated for its edible fruits.
    • The bark is used for loss of sensation in paralysis.
    • The leaves are applied on inflammation.