Tectona grandis

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Tectona grandis L.
  • Common Name : Teak, Saag, Sagwan
  • Plant Family : Verbenaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4, 10, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra, Aranya Van

About Tectona grandis Plant :

  • Habit : A large, deciduous tree with square, channeled, hairy stem.
  • Leaves : Very large, opposite or whorled, entire, elliptic or obovate, acute, rough and hairy.
  • Inflorescence : Large, terminal, branched, hairy cymose panicles.
  • Flowers :
    • Bracteate, bracts lanceolate at the forks, bracteoles below the calyx, linear.
    • Calyx 5-6 lobed, bell-shaped, hairy, enlarged and bladder-like in fruit and enclosing it, ovoid, crumpled, veined.
    • Corolla white, lobes 5-6, unequal, imbricate.
    • Stamens 5, on the base of the corolla.
    • Ovary 4-celled, fleshy, ovule in each cell, style slender, stigma bifid.
  • Fruit : Drupe subglobose, pericarp soft with felted stellate hairs, endocarp bony, enclosed in accrescent calyx, seed exalbuminous.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : June - September
  • Significance : Timber is famous all over the world for house-building and furniture.