Terminalia bellirica

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn) Roxb.
  • Synonyms : Myrobalanus bellirica Gaertn.
  • Common Name : Behda, Belleric Myrobalan, Bastard Myrobalan
  • Plant Family : Combretaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Basan, Aranya Van

About Terminalia bellirica Plant :

  • Habit : A big tree.
  • Leaves : Alternate, coriaceous, entire, elliptic-obovate, apex rounded or acute, base tapering.
  • Inflorescence : Axillary spikes.
  • Flowers :
    • Pale greenish-yellow and smelling.
    • The upper flowers are male but the lower are hermaphrodite.
    • Sepals united, teeth-5, broadly triangular, acute.
    • Petals 0.
    • Stamens 10, episepalous, 2-seriate the upper series alternate with and longer than the lower, exserted.
    • Ovary inferior, 1-celled, ovules pendulous.
  • Fruit : Drupe abruptly narrowed into a short stalk, obscurely angled when dry.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : March - May
  • Significance :
    • The fruits are used in dyeing and making ink and hair oil.
    • It is bitter, laxative, useful in bronchitis and asthama.