Terminalia catappa

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Terminalia catappa L.
  • Common Name : Badam, Desi Badam, Lili Badam, Indian Almond
  • Plant Family : Combretaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 22, 23, 27-29
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Basan

About Terminalia catappa Plant :

  • Habit : A small tree with whorled, horizontal branches in successive tiers.
  • Leaves : Alternate, 6-12 inch long, obovate, oblong, pointed at apex, base rounded with a depressed gland on each side of the midrib, exstipulate.
  • Inflorescence : Axillary solitary spikes.
  • Flowers :
    • Greenish-white, small, bracteoles minute, lanceolate.
    • The upper flowers male, the lower hermaphrodite.
    • Calyx-tube ovoid, teeth 4-5 triangular.
    • Petals 0.
    • Stamens 8-10, episepalous.
    • Ovary inferior, ovules pendulous, style awl-shaped, stigma simple.
  • Fruit  : A fibrous drupe, oval or ellipsoid, compressed, with 2 elevated margins, convex on both sides.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August - September
  • Significance :
    • Planted in the gardens and can be used on road-sides as a shade-tree.
    • The fruit is edible.
    • The juice of the leaves is used in headaches and skin diseases.
    • The fruit is cooling astringent to bowels.