Terminalia chebula

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

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  • Botanical Name : Terminalia chebula Retz.
  • Common Name : Harde, Chebulic Myrobalan
  • Plant Family : Combretaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra

About Terminalia chebula Plant :

  • Habit : A small tree.
  • Leaves : Alternate, elliptic-oblong, acute, penninerved, base rounded, petioles often with 2 glands near their apex.
  • Inflorescence : Terminal spikes.
  • Flowers :
    • Bracteoles exceeding the flowers, linear, acute.
    • Calyx campanulate, teeth 5.
    • Petals 0.
    • Stamens 10, episepalous, biseriate.
    • Ovary inferior, 1-celled, ovules 2-3, pendulous.
  • Fruit :
    • Drupes ellipsoid or obovoid, stone oblong, bony.
    • Seed exalbuminous.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : April - June
  • Significance :
    • The fruits are used for tanning, ink and a good yellow dye.
    • They are tonic, anntidysentric, ripe fruits are purgative and purifies the blood and good in ophthalmia.
    • Together with Behda and Amla - the three make the tonic known as Triphala Churan.