Celastrus paniculatus

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Celastrus paniculatus Willd.
  • Synonyms : Celastrus nutans Roxb.
  • Common Name : Malkankani, Black Oil Plant, Intellect Tree
  • Plant Family : Celastraceae
  • Plant Form : Climbers
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan

About Celastrus paniculatus Plant :

  • Habit : Extensive twiners with pale-brown, warty-lenticellate bark.
  • Leaves : Alternate, Broadly ovate, obovate, elliptic-oblong or nearly orbicular, glabrous and serrated in upper part.
  • Inflorescence : Terminal and axillary racemes.
  • Flowers :
    • Greenish yellow, unisexual, bracteates, bracts small, lanceolate.
    • Calyx pubescent outside lobes semiorbicular, ciliate. Petals oblong, rounded at the apex.
    • Male flowers-Stamens inserted on the margin of the disc; filaments short, anthers oblong, rudimentary ovary small, subconical, slightly 3-toothed at the apex.
    • Female Flowers-Ovary globose, narrowed into a short stout style, glabrous; stigma large, trilobed.
    • Stamens inserted on the edge of the disc which is larger than the disc in the male flowers; anthers small, without pollen, ovate, acute or subtriangular.
    • Fruit : Capsule, subglobose, bright yellow, transversely wrinkled.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : May-November
  • Significance : An oil of some therapeutic value is extracted from the seeds and known as Black Oil.