Cissampelos pareira

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Cissampelos pareira L.
  • Common Name : Venivel, Karandhiu, Velvet Leaf
  • Plant Family : Menispermaceae
  • Plant Form : Climbers
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 5, 15, 18
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Ayurvedic Udyan

About Cissampelos pareira Plant :

  • Habit : A slender climbing shrub, branches grooved, pubescent.
  • Leaves : Peltate, orbicular, cordate at the base, slightly broader than long, mucronate, hairy on both surfaces when young, margins hairy, petioles as long as or longer than the leaves, inserted about 4-6 mm from the base of the leaf.
  • Flowers :
    • Unisexual, dioecious.
    • Male flowers in more or less axillary cymes, minute, yellowish; peduncles slender, hairy, bracts small, sepals 4, hairy outside, ovate oblong, concave, petals 4, connate into a short cup like corolla, hairy outside, half the size of the sepals; anthers 4, sessile.
    • Female flowers in elongate solitary or twin, axillary racemes; pediels very short, hairy, bracts leaf-like, orbicular, persistent, more or less hairy; sepal 1 ovate-oblong, hairy outside; petal 1 about half the length of the sepal, Ovary 1, style short, trifid.
  • Fruit : A drupe, rounded, compressed, hairy, at first red, finally black, supported by the large persistent bracts.
  • Seed : Horseshoe-shaped.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : July-September
  • Significance :
    • The root is used in bowel complaints.
    • The leaves are applied to sores.