Coelachyrum brevifolium

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Coelachyrum brevifolium Hochst & Nees
  • Brevifolia means short leaved.

  • Synonyms : Eleusine brevifolia (Hochst & Nees) Hochst & Steud.
  • Plant Family : Poaceae (Gramineae)
  • According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Thus the new name for the family Gramineae became Poaceae. However, the name Gramineae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time.

  • Plant Form : Grasses
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Coelachyrum brevifolium Plant :

  • Habit : An annual grass.
  • Stem : Creeping and spreading from the root, ascending from a decumbent base, generally slender and small, sometimes large and proliferously branched, leafy.
  • Leaves : Leaf blade linear, acute with a subcordate or rounded base, sheath compressed and glabrous; ligule a very short membrane, ciliate- at the margin or obsolete.
  • Inflorescence :
    • Spikes usually many, sessile and crowded in globose heads, varying in diameter from 8-16 mm. Spikelets sessile, biseriate, ovate-oblong, 4-10 flwered. Involucral glumes membranous, ovate-oblong, acuminate, shortly awned, glabrous, the lower shorter than the upper, 1-3 nerved, the upper 3-5 nerved, and the nerves very close to the middle one in the keel.
    • Lower floral glume and the succeeding ones ovate, cuspidately acuminate, 3-nerved, nerves villous below the middle and paleate. Palea oblong, lanceolate, truncate and minutely 2-toothed, keels villous below the middle. Anthers small. Lodicules small and cuneate.
    • Styles long and slender.
  • Fruit : Grain orbicular to ovate, concavo-convex, red-brown, and transversely, rugose.