Cymbopogon martini

(Click image to Enlarge)

Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Cymbopogon martini (Roxb.) W. Watson
  • Synonyms : Andropogon martini Roxb.
  • Common Name : Rosha Ghans, Roicha Ghans, Gandharu Ghas
  • Plant Family : Poaceae (Gramineae)
  • According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Thus the new name for the family Gramineae became Poaceae. However, the name Gramineae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time.

  • Plant Form : Grasses
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Cymbopogon martini Plant :

  • Habit : A tall perennial herbs with long wiry fibres.
  • Stem : Culms erect, from 90-180 cm high, often ramous, smooth, filled with a spongy pith.
  • Leaves :
    • Very long, tapering to a very fine point, smooth in every part and of a soft, delicate texture.
    • Sheaths shorter than the joints on full grown plants, with a membranous stipulary process at the mouth.
  • Inflorescence : Spikelets
  • Flowers :
    • Panicles axillary or terminal, spikelets paired, but with only three joints.
    • Flowers also paired.
    •  Rachis jointed and woolly.
    • Calyx one-flowered, two valved, base girt with wool.
    • Carol one-valved, a long, black, awn occupies the place of the other, which has two small filaments near its base.
    • Nectary two, minute.
  • Flowering and fruiting Time : August-December
  • Significance :
    • Palmarosa or motia oil obtained from it is extensively used for adulterating Attar of Roses.
    • It is also used as a base for several perfumes and in cosmetics.
    • Along with sandalwood oil, it is used in ointments for warding off mosquitoes.
    • It is also used in remedy of lumbago and stiff joints as well as in skin diseases.