Setaria glauca

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Setaria glauca (L.) Beauv.
  • Synonyms : Panicum glaucum L.
  • Common Name : Kolat, Kunchi, Kutra Ghans, Zipati Ghas
  • Plant Family : Poaceae (Gramineae)
  • According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Thus the new name for the family Gramineae became Poaceae. However, the name Gramineae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time.

  • Plant Form : Grasses
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 4, 22, 26-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Sarita Udyan

About Setaria glauca Plant :

  • Habit : An annual grass with stem 30-60 cm, erect or ascending, simple or branched.
  • Leaves : Broad or narrow, flat, glabrous or sparsely hairy, margins scabrid.
  • Inflorescence and Flowers :
    • Spiciform panicles cylindric, dense-fid, usually yellow, rarely purplish or green, rarely interrupted, sometimes reduced to an ovoid head with very few spikelets, bristles of involucel 6-12, very variable in length, from a little longer to four times as long as the ovoid spikelet.
    • Glumes 4, first glume minute, second glume rather shorter than third glume, subacute, third glume usually empty, sometimes paleate and male, fourth glume broadly ovoid, very convex.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : October
  • Significance :
    • It is regarded as a fairly good green fodder for cattle.
    • The grains of the wild as well as cultivated types are used as food.
    • They are either boiled and eaten whole or more rarely ground to flour.
    • A bread is made out of these grains.