Sorghum bicolor

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench.
  • Synonyms : Sorghum vulgare Pers.
  • Common Name : Jowar, Sudan Grass, Jar
  • Plant Family : Poaceae (Gramineae)
  • According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Thus the new name for the family Gramineae became Poaceae. However, the name Gramineae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time.

  • Plant Form : Grasses
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 4, 24, 26
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Sorghum bicolor Plant :

  • Habit : A tall, stout, annual grass.
  • Leaves : Broad, linear with a prominent white midrib, broadly lanceolate, flat, glabrous.
  • Inflorescence : 
    • Panicles dense, thyrsiform decompound, with crowded whorls of erect branches and branchlets.
    • Spikelets large, broad, hairy, pedicellate ones usually neuter.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : October
  • Significance : Cultivated as a cereal crop.