Triticum aestivum

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Triticum aestivum L.
  • Common Name : Ghau, Wheat
  • Plant Family : Poaceae (Gramineae)
  • According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Thus the new name for the family Gramineae became Poaceae. However, the name Gramineae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time.

  • Plant Form : Grasses
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 4, 26

About Triticum aestivum Plant :

  • Habit : A small, tufted annual.
  • Leaves : Long, linear, narrow, pointed, sheathing at base, ligule small, loose, membranous.
  • Inflorescence and Flowers :
    • Flowers in terminal spikes with or without awns, spikelets distichous, glumes 5 or more, shorter than spikelet, the lower glume broader on the outer side with a protection tooth on the upper angle, the keel awned, the upper sometimes with a palea, the other 2 glumes have palea and bisexual, the upper staminate or neutral, stamens 3, anthers versatile.
    • Ovary superior, truncate, hairy at the apex, stigmas short.
  • Fruits : Caryopsis free or remaining in hull.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : February
  • Significance : Extensively cultivated everywhere as a staple food plant.