Acmella paniculata

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Acmella paniculata (Wall ex DC.) R. K. Jansen
  • Synonyms : Spilanthes calva DC, Spilanthes paniculata Wall.ex DC.
  • Common Name : Akkalgaro, Akkalkaro, Mariti
  • Plant Family : Asteraceae (Compositae)
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Acmella paniculata Plant :

  • Habit : Tall, erect or ascending annual herb.
  • Stem : Hairy.
  • Leaves : Opposite, ovate, acute, irregularly crenate-serrate, glabrous.
  • Inflorescence : Capitulum (Head), Heads yellowish-brown, 0.6 - 1.2 cm across, ovoid, florets yellow, involucral bracts pubescent, short, pappus 0. The heads sometimes consist of tubular florets only, some other heads have ray florets on the outer row; allthe florets are yellow.
  • Fruits : Achene 0.15 - 0.2 cm long, oblong, compressed, glabrous but for ciliate margins
  • Flowering and Fruiting time : September to January.
  • Significance :
    • The whole plant, but particularly the floral head is very pungent.
    • Chewing the heads relieves toothache or a tincture made from the flower heads and applied in some lint to the teeth and gums is even more effective against tooth-ache.