Amomum subulatum

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Amomum subulatum Roxb.
  • Synonyms : Cardamomum subulatum (Roxb.) Kuntze.
  • Common Name : Elcho
  • Plant Family : Zingiberaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Amomum subulatum Plant :

  • Habit : A herb
  • Leaves : Ligulate, 3-4 mm, membranous, apex rounded, emarginate; petiole absent or nearly so on proximal leaves, 1-3 cm on distal ones; leaf blade oblong-lanceolate, glabrous, base rounded or cuneate, apex long cuspidate.
  • Inflorescence : Spikes subturbinate, peduncle present, scalelike sheaths brown; bracts pale red, ovate, apex obtuse with horny cusp; bracteoles tubular, apex acute, emarginate.
  • Flowers : Calyx glabrous, 3-cleft to middle; lobes subulate. Corolla tube equaling calyx; lobes yellow, central one subulate at apex. Lateral staminodes red, subulate. Labellum with yellow midvein, oblong, white pubescent, veins conspicuous, apex involute.
  • Anthers with connective appendage elliptic, entire.
  • Fruit : Capsule purple or red-brown, globose, 2-2.5 cm in diam., with 10 undulate wings, apex with persistent calyx.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : May - September
  • Significance :
    • Seeds are useful in cough, gas, indigestion, vomiting, teeth and gum problems and thirst.
    • It is also employed in tonic to heart and as diuretic.