Boerhavia erecta

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Boerhavia erecta L.
  • Synonyms : Boerhavia elongate Salisb.
  • Common Name : Erect Spiderling, Erect Boerhavia
  • Plant Family : Nyctaginaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 15
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Boerhavia erecta Plant :

  • Habit : A perennial herb with a robust taproot.
  • Stem : Sticky, thickened at nodes, green or purple covered with soft hair, often cylindrical without ridges and furrows.
  • Leaves : Fleshy, arranged in unequal opposite pairs, hairy, petiolate, petioles green with a purplish tint.
  • Inflorescence : Panicles or umbel like clusters in the axils of the leaves or at the end of branches in a bunch of 2-6 flowers.
  • Flowers :
    • Bracteate, bracts linear lanceolate but detaching at an early stage.
    • Corolla pink, 5-lobed.
    • Stamens  2-3 with white filaments and anthers white and circular.
    • Style also white.
  • Fruits : Anthocarps (false fruits) circular and flat, 5-ribbed, glabrous.
  • Significance :
    • Found as a wild plant.
    • It is known to be used in the production of medicine and food.
    • The root is used as a diuretic to treat jaundice, enlarged spleen, gonorrhea and other internal inflammations. It is also used as stomachic, cardiotonic, hepatoprotective, laxative, anthelmintic (expels parasitic worms), febrifuge (reduces fever), and an expectorant.