Cleome viscosa

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Cleome viscosa L.
  • Common Name : Pili Talavani, Talavani
  • Plant Family : Capparaceae or Capparidaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 4, 8, 10, 17, 22
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Sarita Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Basan

About Cleome viscosa Plant :

  • Habit : An annual erect herb having tap root system.
  • Stem : Erect, well branched, herbaceous, green, solid and pubescent.
  • Leaves : Ramal and cauline, alternate, exstipulate, palmately compound, tri- to pentafoliate, petiolate but pinnae are sessile, ovate-lanceolate, hiry, acute, multicostate reticulate venation.
  • Inflorescence : Racemose raceme.
  • Flowers :
    • Bracteate, pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, tetramerous, hypogynous, generally yellow coloured with very long pedicel.
    • Calyx composed of 4 sepals, polysepalous, valvate, sepals arranged in two whorls of two each.
    • Corolla composed of 4 petals, polypetalous, clawed, imbricate, yellow coloured.
    • Androecium made up of many stamens (12-24), polyandrous, dithecous, basifixed, introrse, filament long and anther lobes curved.
    • Gynoecium bicarpellary, syncarpous, superior, single locule with many ovules, parietal placentation, gynophore is present but very short, style short, stigma sticky and capitate.
  • Fruit : A capsule
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : July-October
  • Significance : The seeds are anthelmintic.