Crinum asiaticum

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Crinum asiaticum L.
  • Synonyms : Crinum defixum Ker-Gaul.
  • Common Name : Nagdaman, Sukhdarshan, Sudarshan, Grand Crinum Lily, Poison Bulb, Spider Lily
  • Plant Family : Amaryllidaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4-6, 8, 10-16, 18, 21, 22, 25-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Crinum asiaticum Plant :

  • Habit : An erect, perennial, ornamental, bulbous herb, with fibrous, adventitious root system.
  • Stem : Herbaceous, underground, bulbous, long, columnar.
  • Leaves : Radicle, simple, alternate, exstipulate, sessile, leaf base sheathing , very large, persistent, strap-shaped, tapering to a sharp point, entire, unicostate parallel venation.
  • Inflorescence : Racemose umbel of 2-20 or more flowers produced above the foliage over a well developed and stout scape, and subtended by two large spathaceous bracts.
  • Flowers :
    • Bracteate (bract filiform and linear),  sessile or shortly stalked, large, hermaphrodite,  actinomorphic, trimerous, epigynous, cyclic, salver-shaped, white.
    • Perianth made up of 6 tepals, arranged in two whorls of three each, gamophylous, salver-shaped or funnel-shaped, with a long and cylindrical tube, 3-4" long, white, fragrant.
    • Androecium of 6 stamens, epiphyllous, inserted at the throat of perianth tube filaments long but shorter than the perianth segments, purplish red with whitish base; anthers dithecous, versatile, extrorse, dehisce longitudinally.
    • Gynoecium tricarpellary, syncarpous inferior, trilocular, two or more ovules in each locule, axile placentation; style long and slender, stigma capitate or three lobed and fimbricate.
  • Fruit : Capsule, subglobose, 1-2 seeded.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August - November
  • Significance :
    • Cultivated in gardens.
    • The bulbs of this species are laxative.
    • Its seeds are used as purgative and diuretic.
    • Its leaves are applied in skin infections, and also as expectorant.