Cyanthillium cinereum

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H.Rob.
  • Synonyms : Vernonia cinerea (L.) Less., Conyza cinerea L.
  • Common Name : Sahadevi, Little Ironweed, Fleabane
  • Plant Family : Asteraceae (Compositae)
  • According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Thus the new name for the family Compositae became Asteraceae. However, the name Compositae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time.

  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1- 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Punit Van, Sarita Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Basan, Aranya Van

About Cyanthillium cinereum Plant :

  • Habit : A small annual herb with hairy stem.
  • Leaves : Simple, alternate, ovate-elliptic or lanceolate obtuse or acute, mucronate, irregularly dentate or crenate-serrate, hairy.
  • Flowers :
    • Pinkish-violet, in small heads forming divaricate terminal corymbs.
    • Bract 1, small, linear below each head, and small bracts in the forks of the peduncles.
    • Involucral bracts linear-lanceolate, awned, silky below.
    • Pappus hairy, white.
    • Corolla equal, regular, tubular, lobes 5, Stamens 5, Ovary inferior, style bifid, hairy.
  • Fruit : Cypsela square, oblong, narrow at base, hairy.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : November-February
  • Significance :
    • It is common everywhere as a weed.
    • The flowers are used to cure fevers, by tying them to the hair for quartan fever.