Datura innoxia

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Datura innoxia Mill
  • Common Name : Horn of Plenty, Downy Thorn Apple, Safed Dhaturo
  • Plant Family : Solanaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 9, 11, 14, 17, 28
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Infocity, Basan

About Datura innoxia Plant :

  • Habit : A perennial pubescent herb, with green or purplish hairy stems.
  • Leaves : Ovate, acute or obtuse at apex truncate and unequal sides at base; margins entire or sinuate, pubescent on both sides.
  • Inflorescence : Solitary
  • Flower :
    • White, stout and pubescent pedicels.
    • Calyx pubescent outside, green tubular 5-toothed.
    • Corolla infundibuliform, white, glabrous outside, puberulous on the inside, 10-toothed.
    • Stamens included, filaments slender, glabrous.
    • Ovary clothed with soft white.
  • Fruit : Covered with soft weak spines, irregularly dehiscent. Seeds numerous, pale brown, reniform, minutely foveolate.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : May-October
  • Significance :
    • The seeds and leaves are narcotic and antispasmodic immediate relief comes after smoking a small-quantity of leaves in asthma.
    • The seeds are highly poisonous and have been in use for centuries for criminal purposes.
    • The juice of the plant is believed to be the cure for hydrophobia.