Enicostema axillare

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Enicostema axillare (Poir. Ex Lam.) A. Raynal
  • Synonyms : Enicostema hyssopifolium (Willd.) Verd.
  • Common Name : Nanu Kariyatun, Mamejavo, Indian White Head
  • Plant Family : Gentianaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Sarita Udyan

About Enicostema axillare Plant :

  • Habit : A variable herb, stem 2-65 cm long, at first erect, later more or less procumbent, simple or branched from the base, subquadrangular, terete.
  • Leaves : Sessile, linear to elliptic or lanceolate, more often long and narrow, acute or obtuse, glabrous strongly 3-nerved.
  • Inflorescence : Axillary clusters.
  • Flowers :
    • Sessile.
    • Calyx of 5 sepals united at the base; corolla of 5 petals, white, united below into a tube, free above.
    • Stamens 5, on the corolla.
  • Fruit : Capsules glabrous and shining, seeds many minute.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : Most of the year.
  • Significance : An infusion of the plant is used as a bitter tonic.