Euphorbia prostrata

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Euphorbia prostrata Aiton
  • Synonyms : Euphorbia perforata Guss.
  • Common Name : Prostrate Sandmat
  • Plant Family : Euphorbiaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 5, 9, 16, 18, 25, 26
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park

About Euphorbia prostrata Plant :

  • Habit : An annual prostrate herbs, hispidly hairy.
  • Stem : Slenderly filiform, alternately branched, puberulous with minute curved hairs on upper side at least along medium line, glabrous beneath, stems deep red.
  • Leaves : Purplish, elliptic, oblong or obovate, obtuse or rounded at apex, oblique at base, distinctly or obsoletely denticulate or crenulate and at times ciliate along the margins, glabrous on both sides, 3-nerved, the nerves all prominent, stipules on upper side of stem usually distinct, linear and pilose, those on lower side of stem deltoid or deltoid-ovate, apically laciniate-toothed, petioles glabrous.
  • Flowers : Involucers in short axillary, leafy racemose clusters.
  • Fruits :
    • Cocci sub-ovate, orbicular, prominently keeled with stiff spreading hairs on the keels.
    • Seeds very small, ovoid, obtuse, truncate at base, 4-angled, transversely deeply furrowed.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : Throughout the year.
  • Significance :Common in cultivated field and in nursery.