Gomphrena globosa

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Gomphrena globosa L.
  • Synonyms : Amaranthoides globosus Maza
  • Common Name : Globe Amaranth, Gomphrena, Bachelor's Buttons, Gentleman's Button, Button
  • Plant Family : Amaranthaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 11, 15, 18-20, 22, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Infocity, Aranya Van

About Gomphrena globosa Plant :

  • Habit : An annual erect herb, much-branched, stems and branches thickened, stout, young parts grooved, geniculate, pubescent and often tinged with red; older parts terete and glabrous, greenish-red or yellowish-brown.
  • Leaves : Shortly petioled, opposite, oblong or oblong-obovate, acute, subacute or obtuse at apex, subcordate, rounded or tapering at base, entire along the margins, thinly hairy on both surfaces.
  • Flowers :
    • Small, yellowish-white or purplish, in solitary or terminal or fascicled spicate heads, globose, large peduncled, bracts 2, foliaceous, below the heads.
    • Perianth of 5 sepals, unequal, lanceolate.
    • Stamens 5, filaments united at the base to form a tube, which has 5 teeth, anthers 1-celled.
    • Ovary 1-celled, 1-ovuled, stigma 2.
  • Fruit : Utricles ovoid, Seeds swollen, reniform.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : September - March
  • Significance :
    • Cultivated in gardens as a pot or border plant.
    • The roots are used in the treatment of coughs.